As we are moving forward in the era of information technology the innovations in area of Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Robotics, etc are taking over their places and almost everything is on internet now. No one would disagree that most of these in someway or the other are powered by programming languages.
Choosing the right programming language is not only important in terms of learning and simplicity but it will also decide you position in future. Here we have listed down some of the widely used programming languages in 2018.
I bet you must have came across this word ‘Java’ while using your laptops and smartphones. Java is a general purpose, high-level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems which was later taken by Oracle. The origin of this languages dates back to 1991.
Today the Java is a commonly used as a foundation for developing software application and web content. Java has a very strong community with around 10 million Java developers worldwide while it is powering almost 3 billion mobile phones.
Java is an object-oriented language which can run in virtually any machine using the runtime environments known as Java Virtual Machines (VMs) which exist for most of the operating systems, including UNIX, the Macintosh OS, and Windows. Java technologies were released under the GNU General Public License in 2007.
Java, with its number of features makes the it well suited for use on the World Wide Web using Java applets which gets downloaded from web and runs locally. In order to run applications and websites using Java, the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) which can understand and execute the Java applets.
You can download the latest version of Java for free from the official website download the latest version of Java.
Python is widely used general purpose high level programming language. It was initially designed by Guido van Rossum in 1991 and was developed by Python Software Foundation. The Python mainly emphasised on code readability and the code syntax allowed programmers to achieve the results in in fewer lines of code.
Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently. The two major Python versions which are completely different than each other are Python 2 and Python 3.
Python can be easy to pick up whether you’re a first time programmer or you’re experienced with other languages. Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license, making it freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use.
Some of the application areas where Python is widely used are web and internet development, Scientific and Numeric Computing and Desktop software applications. Many real world application and even video games are powered by Python like Instagram.
You can download the latest version of Python for free from its official website download the latest version of Python.
C++ is a middle-level programming language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs. C++ is a statically typed, compiled, general-purpose, case-sensitive, free-form programming language that supports procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming.
C++ is a successor to C languagues is not only fast and statically typed but also supports at least 7 different styles of programming and gives developers the freedom to choose one at their will. Unlike Java and Python, you don’t need to use objects to solve every task (if it’s not necessary). Being a middle level language, it allows you to interacts directly with the internal hardware of the computer.
C++ runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX. In real world it power worlds most popular products like Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Amazon website, Autodesk products, and even Facebook.
C++ has active community and support.
C# is is an elegant and type-safe object-oriented language developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative led by Anders Hejlsberg. It enables developers to build a variety of secure and robust applications that run on the .NET Framework.
C# is easy to learn high level programming language which is in high demand and is one of the most popular language in the industry.
You can use C# to create Windows client applications, XML Web services, distributed components, client-server applications, database applications, and much, much more. Visual C# provides an advanced code editor, convenient user interface designers, integrated debugger, and many other tools to make it easier to develop applications based on the C# language and the .NET Framework.
Also C# is widely-used to create games using the Unity game engine, which is the most popular game engine today. C# is a very popular tool for creating these applications, and so makes a great choice for any programmer looking for a career in game development industry or virtual reality.
C# has 3rd largest community support StackOverFlow.
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.
PHP was created in 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf and means Personal Home Page language. Later, the PHP team was formed, the parser was rewritten and completely redesigned the PHP core. The meaning of the abbreviation was also changed to PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.
PHP is used to manage dynamic content, databases, session tracking, even build entire e-commerce sites. Its simplicity, faster load time and database flexiblity makes it perfect and popular language for web developers.
PHP has a strong community support on StackOverFlow.
You can download the latest version of PHP for free from its official website download the latest version of PHP.
The above languages mentioned are popular, widely used and in demand. They have everything which a programmer needs especially beginners like community support, market demand, decent jobs and a bright future. But this does not mean that the industry is limited to only these languages. The above languages are based on my research and opinion and there are many other wonderful and amazing languages pumping the industry.